Chesapeake and Ohio Canal – 19th Century Engineering Feat Transf…


Running West from Rock Creek Park along the Potomac River, the Chesapeake and Ohio (C & O) Canal lives on as a shining example of the American canal-setting up period. Engineering feats include things like the 11 stone aqueducts spanning key Potomac tribulations, the 7 dams giving drinking water to the canal as effectively as 74 unique canal locks to accommodate the elevation improve of 605 toes.

Finished in 1850, the Canal&#39s 185 miles are effectively unbroken and unchanged from its authentic constitution. When the C & O Company fashioned in 1825, the canal was designed to offer an economic trade route amongst the jap seaboard and western Pennsylvania. The C & O Enterprise originally tried out to build on the Potomac but retain up right after the river&#39s move proved too powerful and that targeted initiatives on constructing a individual canal paralleling the river.

Building started in 1828 but was plagued with complications from the commence. Landowners vigorously managed endeavours to provide their suitable-of-approaches, ensuing in a number of disputes that assumed design to a standstill for almost five yrs. In 1850, the ultimate spade of dirt was finished, with the venture coming in at a charge of a lot more than $ 11 million. The canal flourished in the several years pursuing the Civil War, carrying 850,000 tons of coal to fulfill the fast expanding coal trade.

The fortunes of the canal declined in the late 1870s when the B & O Railroad effectively competed for considerably of the coal shipments. The despair in the mid-1870s coupled with key floods in 1877 and 1886 strained the C & O Organization&#39s already precarious funds. The flood of 1889 compelled the organization into individual bankruptcy with the B & O Railroad selecting up a lot of of the Enterprise&#39s bonds. By the time the canal faced another crippling flood in 1924, the railroads owned a lot of the trade enterprise, shutting down the canal for superior. The railroad sold the complete canal to the US governing administration all through the Depression, inserting it underneath the management of the Countrywide Park escort services in DC.

Selected as a national monument in 1961, the canal was later on turned into the C & O Canal National Historic Park, with the addition of a lot more land. Right now the canal not only serves as a tribute to 19th century engineering but also serves as a preferred getaway for DC inhabitants. With 20,000 acres of land, the park attracts in more than 3 million guests and is a preferred place for bikers and joggers. The Funds Crescent Trail, which parallels the C & O Canal in Georgetown, is one of the most greatly applied bike paths in the country.


Resource by Mark M. Washburn