Chesapeake and Ohio Canal – 19th Century Engineering Feat Transf…


Working West from Rock Creek Park together the Potomac River, the Chesapeake and Ohio (C & O) Canal life on as a shining illustration of the American canal-creating era. Engineering feats consist of the 11 stone aqueducts spanning important Potomac tribulations, the 7 dams supplying drinking water to the canal as well as 74 distinctive canal locks to accommodate the elevation adjust of 605 feet.

Finished in 1850, the Canal&#39s 185 miles are primarily unbroken and unchanged from its first constitution. When the C & O Organization fashioned in 1825, the canal was intended to supply an financial trade route amongst the japanese seaboard and western Pennsylvania. The C & O Corporation originally experimented with to create on the Potomac but maintain up following the river&#39s move proved much too sturdy and that concentrated attempts on constructing a separate canal paralleling the river.

Building begun in 1828 but was plagued with issues from the start. Landowners vigorously managed endeavours to provide their right-of-means, resulting in a variety of disputes that imagined design to a standstill for virtually 5 years. In 1850, the final spade of dirt was finished, with the job coming in at a charge of far more than $ 11 million. The canal flourished in the a long time adhering to the Civil War, carrying 850,000 tons of coal to meet the promptly rising coal trade.

The fortunes of the canal declined in the late 1870s when the B & O Railroad correctly competed for a lot of the coal shipments. The despair in the mid-1870s coupled with significant floods in 1877 and 1886 strained the C & O Organization&#39s currently precarious funds. The flood of 1889 forced the company into individual bankruptcy with the B & O Railroad choosing up many of the Organization&#39s bonds. By the time the canal confronted one more crippling flood in 1924, the railroads owned a lot of the trade small business, shutting down the canal for excellent. The railroad marketed the total canal to the US authorities throughout the Despair, putting it below the administration of the Countrywide Park escort provider in DC.

Selected as a national monument in 1961, the canal was afterwards turned into the C & O Canal Countrywide Historical Park, with the addition of far more land. Nowadays the canal not only serves as a tribute to 19th century engineering but also serves as a well-known getaway for DC residents. With 20,000 acres of land, the park draws in much more than 3 million guests and is a most loved place for bikers and joggers. The Money Crescent Trail, which parallels the C & O Canal in Georgetown, is just one of the most closely made use of bike paths in the country.


Resource by Mark M. Washburn